Threat To Information Security

In the digital world, there is a threat to information security. Knowing these are important. So, we’ll know how to prevent them.

Now, what are these threats? Read on to learn more.

What Is A Threat to Information Security?

But before we discuss them, let’s define what a threat is.

A threat is anything that can harm information. It can be a person or an object.

Also, hackers will take advantage of security gaps. They may also change or remove something from you.

But, it has worse effects on big organizations. Companies may lose sales. Also, their customers will no longer trust them.

So, it’s really important to prevent these from happening.

But, how is that possible? 

Well, there is a saying that goes, ‘Knowledge is power.’ So, it’s important to know them.

As a result, you’ll know how to fight against them. Now, what are these threats?

List of Threats to Information Security

To help us, let’s consider the following in this article:

  1. Software attack
  2. Malware of infection
  3. Malware of action
  4. New generation threats

Threats to Information Security Explained

Software Attack

What is a software attack?

It is a serious threat to apps. And it includes the following:

  • virus
  • form
  • trojan horse


What is malware?

Malware is short for malicious software. In simple terms, it is an app that harms a computer.

Also, this type of threat has two types:

  1. Malware of infection
  2. Malware of action

Now, let’s discuss them one by one.

Malware of infection

Malware of infection has four types:

  1. Virus. This threat copies itself to your apps and files. Once done, it infects these.
  2. Worms. Like a virus, it also copies itself. Then, it will slow down the computer after infecting.
  3. Trojan horse. This threat hides in a reliable app. So, it acts like a good one. But after you activate it, it steals your information.
  4. Bots. It has full control over a network. So, it affects the whole server by flooding it.

Malware of action

A malware of action has six types:

  1. Spyware. Like its name, it spies on your computer. Then, it sends your behavior to another person.
  2. Adware. It is a type of malware that comes from ads. So, it monitors what you do. Then, it leaks your privacy.
  3. Ransomware. It is another malware that asks for a ransom. This is in exchange for returning the data they stole. If you can’t give money, they will lock your files forever. 
  4. Scareware. It is another malware like ransomware. But, it prompts you to scare you to pay for them.
  5. Rootkits. It enters your systems. Then, it steals your information and files.
  6. Zombies. Like spyware, it steals information.

New Generation Threats To Information Security

Today, there are new threats. But, what are these?

It has five types:

  1. Outdated security app. Not updating apps causes risks.
  2. Weak security. It means not securing a network. 
  3. Social media attacks. Now, hackers use social media to steal data, too.
  4. Phishing. It forces you to give information. Usually, it comes from emails or other links.
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