Is data breach a cybercrime? Is there a legal weight when a data breach occurs within a company or to an individual? If you want to know, then keep on reading.
Is Data Breach a Cybercrime?
A data breach means unauthorized access to data or information within a device. It is a breach of security that usually occurs by an individual with no authority to have access to the stolen information.
Data breaches are often related to but are not necessarily limited to, the theft of computer hardware, software, and documents from a company. In fact, data breaches can occur in any situation where there is an unauthorized transfer of digital information.
A data breach is not a cybercrime pertainly speaking. However, it is an indicator for future crimes like identity theft since an individual got in to your data without your consent. Moreover, depending on the type of information and how it was obtained, a data breach can be prosecuted under federal laws like the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) or the Economic Espionage Act (EEA).
As we all know that cybercrimes are those crimes that involve online activity in some way or another. But cybercrime also includes other computer-related offenses like computer trespass, computer forgery, and computer sabotage among others.
Samples of Cybercrime
As said, certainly speaking, data breach itself is not a cybercrime. What, then, can you consider a cybercrime? Here are some examples:
- Cyberbullying. The use of electronic communication to bully or harass an individual.
- Cyberstalking. A form of cyberbullying that involves threats, extortion, and intimidation.
- Sending harmful computer code (malware) to another person’s device.
- Cyberattack. Illegal intrusion, gaining unauthorized access, and/or interruption of computer networks and devices to cause damage.
- Cyber-terrorism. The use of the internet to commit terrorist acts like disrupt services, steal data or information or spread malware specially designed to harm the country’s critical infrastructures.
- Forging or manipulating data for personal profit or for causing damage to the system.
- Cyber espionage. Digital theft of documents or information from an individual or company for the purpose of benefiting financially in some way.
Since data breach is not really a part of this, how can it affect us, then?
How a Data Breach Can Affect Us
A data breach can affect us in many ways. It can change our lives and more. For example, it can affect our financial standing, credit status, and overall well-being. The most dangerous consequence of a data breach is the loss or theft of personal information and data.
A data breach can cause serious damage to an individual if it involves their personal information including credit cards, social security numbers, and other critical information. It can affect our overall well-being if it involves our medical records.
A data breach can also mean the loss of money to an individual if their personal identification was compromised or stolen. It can also be used for identity theft and financial fraud. That, then, is an impact we want to avoid at all costs.