Knowing how data breaches work can help you be more vigilant with this threat. So, how does it work? What happens when a data breach occurs? Read on to know more.
How Data Breaches Work
A data breach is the unlawful access and exposure of sensitive data. This can happen in several ways, from hacking to physical theft.
The most common way is through hacking. Hackers use malware and other tools to get into computer systems. Once inside, they access sensitive data and even tamper with it.
Physical theft is another method used by cybercriminals to get data. It involves stealing laptops, flash drives, or any devices that store sensitive data.
Data breaches can also occur because of mistakes from people or businesses. These types of breaches are considered “accidental.” They include losing a device that contains sensitive data or sending confidential information to the wrong person.
Theft and fraud may also be involved in how data breaches work, as these crimes often go hand in hand with breaches. Criminals may steal devices containing personal information to commit credit card fraud or identity theft.
Over time, the number of data breaches has been increasing around the world as technology advances and hackers become more sophisticated. As technology becomes more complex, the need for cybersecurity improves as well.
Further, another method is by using phishing attacks. Phishing attacks can take place on a phone, computer, or in person. When a phishing attack occurs, you will receive a message that looks like it is coming from a legitimate company, such as your bank. The message may instruct you to provide private information, such as your social security number or credit card number.
Another way how data breaches work is when a company does not have the right systems in place to protect their customers’ personal information. This may mean that the company does not encrypt their data or that they do not restrict access to sensitive data.
How to Avoid Data Breaches
How to avoid data breaches? Be vigilant and avoid giving out personal information. To protect yourself from data breaches, avoid clicking on links or attachments in emails. Hackers use these methods to install malware into your computer.
Avoid opening random links. If you receive an email that links to a website, type the site’s address into the address bar yourself. If you do click a link from an email, make sure the URL begins with “https://” (the “s” is for secure) instead of “http://” (the “s” is for standard). And if you have questions, contact the sender directly instead of opening the link.
Further, use strong passwords that are not easy to guess. You should also change your passwords regularly and never share them with anyone. Encrypt all sensitive information on your computer using a program. You can also encrypt files on your computer by using built-in tools such as Windows’ Encrypting File System (EFS).
Finally, keep your antivirus software and operating system up to date. This is an important step in keeping your computer protected from attacks and avoiding data breaches.